You are here

Guillain-Barre Syndrome

 

synonyms:

Guilian-Barre Syndrome ICD-9

  • 357.0 Acute infective polyneuritis  Guillain-Barre  syndrome

Guillain-Barre Syndrome Etiology / Epidemiology / Natural History

  • Immune-mediated segmetal peripheral nerve demyelination.

Guillain-Barre Syndrome Anatomy

Guillain-Barre Syndrome Clinical Evaluation

  • Loss of deep tendon reflexes, vague numbness and tingling, progressive weakness disporportionate to sensory loss.
  • May have back pain.
  • Symptoms often preceeded by upper respiratory illness, or GI infection.
  • Weakness progresses over hours to days, reaching its maximum after several weaks.
  • May progress to complete paralysis.

Guillain-Barre Syndrome Xray / Diagnositc Tests

  • EMG/NCV: demonstrates conduciton slowing and conduction block. Sural sparing on EMG/NCV.
  • Elevated spinal fluid protein without pleocytosis.

Guillain-Barre Syndrome Classification / Treatment

  • Hospitalization for monitoring, may require ventilatory support.
  • Plasmapheresis, intravenous immunoglobulin therapy shorten the duration of illess (Lancet 1997;349:225).

Guillain-Barre Syndrome Associated Injuries / Differential Diagnosis

Guillain-Barre Syndrome Complications

  • Mortality generally from respiratory compromise.

Guillain-Barre Syndrome Follow-up Care

  • Referral to internist for medical management.

Guillain-Barre Syndrome Review References

  • °

Disclaimer

The information on this website is intended for orthopaedic surgeons.  It is not intended for the general public. The information on this website may not be complete or accurate.  The eORIF website is not an authoritative reference for orthopaedic surgery or medicine and does not represent the "standard of care".  While the information on this site is about health care issues and sports medicine, it is not medical advice. People seeking specific medical advice or assistance should contact a board certified physician.  See Site Terms / Full Disclaimer