|Fracture Healing: Four overlapping phases of bone repair: the inflammatory phase; the early callus phase; the mature callus phase; and the remodeling phase.
Early Callus Phase
Mature Callus Phase,
Chondrogenesis: divided into six phases: MSC proliferation, MSC condensation, chondrocyte formation, chondrocyte maturation, hypertrophic differentiation, and apoptosis.
Parathyroid hormone (PTH)
Vitamin D (800 IU) and calcium (1 g) has demonstrated increased callus formation in non-op proximal humerus fracture (Doetsch AM, Calcif Tissue Int 2004;75(3):183-188)
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