Camptodactyly Etiology / Epidemiology / Natural History
- Flexion contracture and deformity of a finger.
- Occurs sporadically, may can occur in autosomal dominance inheritance with variable penetrance.
- Most commonly affects proximal interphalangeal joint of the small finger.
- Generally related to abnormal lumbrical of FDS anatomy. Can be from skin contracture, absent extensor tendon function, volar plate anomalies and articular incontruity .
Camptodactyly Clinical Evaluation
Camptodactyly Xray / Diagnositc Tests
Camptodactyly Classification / Treatment
- Type I: infancy
- Type II: adolescence
- Type III" with underlying syndrome
- Treatment: stretching exercises. Camptodactyly rarely causes functional limitation. May consider surgery for contractures >45°.
Camptodactyly Associated Injuries / Differential Diagnosis
- Incomplete correction
Camptodactyly Follow-up Care
Camptodactyly Review References