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Ankle / Foot Outcome Measures

AOFAS Ankle-Hindfoot Scale AOFAS Hallux, MTP, IP Scale
AOFAS Midfoot Scale SF-20
Baltimore Painful Foot Score Olerud Score
Tegner and Lysholm Kaikkonen Score
MFA Instrument Other scores

AOFAS Ankle-Hindfoot Scale


AOFAS Midfoot Scale

AOFAS Hallux, MTP, IP Scale
Baltimore Painful Foot Score

(Mulier T, Foot Ankle Int 2002;23:902).

Olerud score

Olerud C, Molander H. A scoring scale for symptom evaluation after ankle fracture. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg, 1984;103: 190-4.

Other Scores

  • Calcaneal fracture scoring system (Kerr PS, Injury 1996;27:35
  • Foot Function Index (Budiman-Mak E, J Clin Epidemiol 1991;44:561)
Kaikkonen Score
  • Scoring scale consisting of subjective assessment of the symptoms and function of the injured ankle, four functional tests (one for balance, two for muscle strength and endurance, and one for functional stability), and clinical evaluation of the joint laxity and the ROM in dorsiflexion.
  • Kaikkonen A, AJSM, 1994;22: 462
MFA Instrument
  • See MFA info.
  • Engelberg R, Martin DP, Agel J, Obremsky W, Coronado G, Swiontkowski MF. Musculoskeletal Function Assessment instrument: criterion and construct validity. J Orthop Res, 1996;14: 182-92.
  • Martin DP, Engelberg R, Agel J, Snapp D, Swiontkowski MF. Development of a musculoskeletal extremity health status instrument: the Musculoskeletal Function Assessment instrument. J Orthop Res, 1996;14: 173-81.
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